The first time I met Barry Sacks was almost 20 years ago when he was brought in to help one of my clients solve a fiendishly complex tax/legal problem that had arisen in the bargaining between my client and its major Union. Arriving a few minutes late, he was clearly excited, but not about the tax issue. After some brief hello’s he told us about the brilliant idea he had for a new invention that occurred to him on the way over to the meeting. Pulling a single credit card from his overstuffed wallet, he asked us to consider all the wasted space (“real estate” as he put it) on the card that currently was taken up by a Bank logo and a background picture. Specifically, he asked, why couldn’t all that space be used to incorporate the information that all of the other cards in his wallet contained? Just like the “universal remotes” that were then all the rage in the electronics industry, he suggested that with his innovation, we all could have a “Unicard” that could be used for all the electronic transactions that we currently conduct, from department store purchases to borrowing books from the local library. As Barry waxed eloquent about all the convenience and financial efficiencies of such an invention as well as the easily surmountable technical challenges associated with its introduction, the client and I sat there both enthralled and a little taken aback at the unexpected turn the meeting had taken.
As I got to know Barry better I found that this incident was by no means an unusual occurrence with this curious and creative polymath. With a Ph.D. in physics from MIT, Barry had started his career in academia and was well on his way to becoming a tenured professor, when he suddenly decided that tax law would be much more interesting than electromagnetism and lecturing undergraduate students. He went back to law school and very quickly became one of the leading ERISA attorneys in the Bay area. By the time we met, he was a partner at one of San Francisco’s boutique law firms and a specialist in the complex and unusual legal issues that often arise in the pension world. Many of these problems had actuarial aspects and, as a result, over the years Barry and I got to collaborate on a number of fascinating client projects.
Despite his demanding “day job”, Barry is an unapologetic “out-of-the-box” thinker who is constantly coming up with new ideas and new approaches to old problems. He currently holds several patents (not including his idea for the “Unicard,” which in some ways has been incorporated into smartphone technology) in fields ranging from physics to financial engineering, but his current passion is Reverse Mortgages and how this obscure, much maligned and poorly understood financial vehicle can be used in creative ways to not only augment one’s retirement income, but to become an integral part of a “decumulation” strategy after retirement.
In a previous post I mentioned how considering the value of your house (and any mortgage debt) as an integral part of your personal balance sheet is a key component of a holistic approach to financial health. Digging a little deeper, let’s now look at why and how a Reverse Mortgage Credit Line can be a powerful tool to unlock and utilize that value to ensure a financially healthy retirement.
A Reverse Mortgage Credit Line is actually nothing more than a loan against the value of your home. It operates just like a traditional home equity line of credit (HELOC) with two critical distinctions. First, unlike a HELOC, when you set up a Reverse Mortgage Credit Line, the amount you can draw down is not fixed, rather it grows every year, and not just with the increase in the value of your house, but at a stated annual rate. So, for example, if you set up a Reverse Mortgage Credit Line for $200,000 at age 65 and don’t use it until age 75, by the time you start taking cash, the amount available might be $300,000 or even more. This in itself is a valuable way to assure yourself that you will have access to funds later in your retirement should you find your other sources of retirement income drying up, but the second difference between a HELOC and a Reverse Mortgage Credit Line is even more important; that is you don’t have to pay back the Reverse Mortgage until you sell or move out of your house, and you will never have to pay back more than the residual value of your house REGARDLESS of what the real estate market does
This second difference is what turns a Reverse Mortgage Credit Line from a source of “emergency funds” into a powerful retirement income generation tool that, when part of a sophisticated and highly effective decumulation strategy, can take you from a situation of having to worry about outliving your assets to a situation where you can comfortably draw down 6%, 7% or even 8% of your savings every year and still be confident that you have very little chance of running out of money before you die.
What is the magic? This is where Barry’s work comes into play. The technical details can be found at
In essence, what Barry discovered was that setting up a Reverse Mortgage Credit Line enables you to draw money from two sources, which can be coordinated. That is, instead of drawing money every year from your 401(k), IRA or other retirement savings account, you draw from your retirement savings account only if the investment returns (in the prior year) on that account were positive, and draw from the Reverse Mortgage Credit Line if the account’s investment returns (in the prior year) on were negative. This strategy allows the invested securities in the retirement savings account to better recover their values in the years following the years of negative returns than if they had been drawn on immediately following the negative returns. It has been clearly demonstrated that if the negative investment returns occur in the early years of retirement, and the account is drawn on in the years following the years of negative returns, the likelihood of the account becoming exhausted in the later years of retirement is much greater than if the account is not drawn on immediately following the negative returns. This coordinated strategy minimizes what is called the “sequence of returns” risk, associated with market volatility. In short, using this strategy allows you to draw on the account at a higher rate, for a longer time, than you otherwise might.
Some decisions don’t require the 5-step Present Value process and I believe that taking out a Reverse Mortgage is one of them. At first glance, the strategy above might seem like “smoke and mirrors” and that there might be hidden risks associated with the strategy (e.g. losing your house). However, as you will see in Barry’s paper, none of these potential risks are material. Try as I might, I can find no flaw or material risk in the strategy. In fact as far as I can see, unless the rules around Reverse Mortgages change in a pretty dramatic way, this is a winning strategy for holistic financial health that everyone who has a house and a 401(k) should seriously consider no matter what their personal rate of discount is.